KENYA REGULATION OF PROPERTY OWNERS  TENANTS. Essay

1 ) 0 В INTRODUCTIONВ

Landlord–tenantВ lawВ isВ aВ partВ ofВ theВ commonВ lawВ thatВ detailsВ theВ rightsВ andВ dutiesВ ofВ landlordsВ andВ tenants. В ItВ includesВ elementsВ ofВ bothВ realВ propertyВ lawВ andВ contractВ law. В

ModernВ landlord‐tenantВ lawВ includesВ aВ numberВ ofВ otherВ rightsВ andВ dutiesВ heldВ byВ bothВ landlordsВ andВ tenants. В

TheВ relationshipВ ofВ landlordВ andВ tenantВ arisesВ whereВ oneВ person, В whoВ possessesВ eitherВ aВ freeholdВ orВ leaseholdВ propertyВ interestВ expresslyВ orВ impliedlyВ grantsВ toВ another, В anВ estateВ inВ thatВ propertyВ whichВ isВ lessВ thanВ theВ freeholdВ interestВ orВ forВ aВ shorterВ durationВ thanВ theВ leaseholdВ interestВ ofВ theВ grantor, В asВ theВ caseВ mayВ be. В TheВ relationshipВ ofВ landlordВ andВ tenantВ mayВ ariseВ inВ variousВ differentВ waysВ betweenВ theВ originalВ parties. В AlthoughВ theВ relationshipВ ofВ landlordВ andВ tenantВ generallyВ arisesВ byВ expressВ grantВ andВ estoppelВ itВ isВ possibleВ forВ itВ toВ ariseВ by: В В

1 ) 1 Inference; В ForВ instance, В byВ aВ personВ occupyingВ theВ landВ withВ theВ landlord'sВ consentВ orВ byВ entryВ andВ paymentВ andВ acceptanceВ ofВ rent, В orВ byВ aВ tenantВ remainingВ afterВ hisВ termВ hasВ endedВ andВ payingВ rentВ whichВ isВ accepted. В

1 . 2 AВ contractВ toВ grant: В ItВ isВ alsoВ possibleВ forВ theВ relationВ toВ ariseВ whereВ thereВ isВ merelyВ aВ contractВ toВ grantВ andВ takeВ aВ leaseВ andВ theВ tenantВ entersВ beforeВ theВ leaseВ isВ granted. В

1 . 3 Attornment: В ThisВ isВ aВ usefulВ deviceВ forВ ensuringВ thatВ tyingВ covenantsВ runВ withВ theВ landВ inВ question ‐ asВ withВ aВ mortgageВ whereВ theВ borrowerВ attiresВ himselfВ tenantВ ofВ theВ mortgagee. В В

TheВ relationshipВ ofВ landlordВ andВ tenantВ mayВ continueВ despiteВ theВ wishВ ofВ oneВ ofВ theВ partiesВ toВ terminateВ it. В ForВ example, В onВ expiryВ ofВ aВ fixed‐ termВ orВ periodicВ tenancyВ ofВ aВ dwellingВ houseВ protectedВ byВ theВ RentВ ActВ 1977, В aВ statutoryВ tenancyВ

1В |В P a g e В

automaticallyВ arises. В TheВ landlordВ hasВ noВ choiceВ butВ toВ acceptВ thisВ stateВ ofВ affairs. 'В Finally, В onВ theВ occasionВ ofВ anyВ assignmentВ ofВ aВ leaseВ theВ relationshipВ ofВ landlordВ andВ tenantВ arisesВ under ‘privityВ ofВ estate'В betweenВ personsВ whoВ byВ definitionВ wereВ notВ theВ originalВ partiesВ andВ inВ 'privityВ ofВ contract'. В TheseВ interpretationsВ ofВ theВ tenant‐landlordВ relationshipВ hasВ hingedВ onВ theВ viewВ thatВ leasesВ includeВ manyВ elementsВ ofВ contractВ lawВ inВ additionВ toВ aВ simpleВ conveyancing. В В

InВ KenyaВ landlord‐tenantВ law, В theseВ rightsВ andВ dutiesВ haveВ beenВ codifiedВ inВ threeВ statutes; В В

i. RentВ RestrictionВ ActВ, CAPВ 296В В

ii. TheВ LandlordВ andВ TenantВ (Shops, В HotelsВ andВ CateringВ Establishment)В Act, В CAPВ 301В В

iii. DistressВ forВ RentВ Act, В CAPВ 293В

TheseВ threeВ areВ partВ ofВ theВ lawВ thatВ detailsВ theВ rightsВ andВ dutiesВ ofВ landlordsВ andВ tenantВ atВ variousВ level

2В |В P a g e В

2 . zero RENTВ RESTRICTIONВ ACT, В CAPВ 296В В

CameВ intoВ forceВ onВ 1stВ October1959В

AnВ ActВ ofВ ParliamentВ whichВ makesВ provisionВ forВ restrictingВ theВ increaseВ ofВ rent, В theВ rightВ toВ possessionВ andВ theВ exactionВ ofВ premiums, В andВ forВ fixingВ standardВ rents, В inВ relationВ toВ dwelling‐houses, В andВ forВ otherВ purposesВ incidentalВ toВ orВ connectedВ withВ theВ relationshipВ ofВ landlordВ andВ tenantВ ofВ aВ dwelling‐house. В 2 . 1 ApplicationВ В

ThisВ actВ appliesВ toВ theВ following; В

a) ExceptedВ В dwelling‐HousesВ

b) Dwelling‐houseВ letВ onВ serviceВ tenanciesВ

c) Dwelling‐housesВ whichВ haveВ aВ standardВ rentВ exceedingВ twoВ thousandВ fiveВ hundredВ shillingsВ perВ month, В furnishedВ orВ unfurnished. В d) WhereВ aВ dwelling‐houseВ isВ letВ onВ aВ compositeВ tenancyВ eachВ dwelling‐ houseВ inВ theВ compositeВ tenancyВ shallВ beВ treatedВ forВ theВ purposesВ ofВ thisВ ActВ asВ thoughВ itВ wereВ letВ onВ aВ separateВ tenancy. В

2 . 2 InterpretationВ

a) LandlordВ includes, В inВ relationВ toВ anyВ premises, В anyВ person, В otherВ thanВ theВ tenantВ inВ possession, В whoВ isВ orВ would, В butВ forВ theВ provisionsВ ofВ thisВ Action, В beВ entitledВ toВ possessionВ ofВ theВ building, В andВ anyВ personВ fromВ timeВ toВ timeВ derivingВ

b) TheВ land, В inВ relationВ toВ aВ dwelling‐house, В meansВ theВ siteВ ofВ theВ...

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